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Petroleum, 1858-1958

Title

Petroleum, 1858-1958

Denomination

Date of Issue

September 10, 1958

Year

Quantity

24,660,000

Postal Administration

Canada

Perforation or Dimension

12

Printer

Canadian Bank Note Company, Limited.

Creators

Designed by Alan L. Pollock. Picture and lettering engraved by Donald J. Mitchell.

Interesting Details

The designer's initial can be found to the right of the oil refinery. The initial belongs to Alan L. Pollock.

About Stamp

The release of the Oil Development stamp coincided with the World Power conference that convened from 7th September to 11th September, 1958, in Montreal. Canada was host to some seventeen hundred delegates representing fifty two countries.

Petroleum

In the mid-nineteenth century, two men in Canada made valuable contributions to the development of oil. Dr. Abraham Gesner of Nova Scotia discovered kerosene and established its use for illuminating purposes. This discovery of kerosene, (also called coal oil) preceded the commercial production of crude oil. In 1857, James Miller Williams, a businessman from Hamilton, brought the first commercially successful oil well into production in North America. Mr. Williams found the oil lying on the surface in a hardwood swamp near Oil Springs, about twenty miles southeast of Sarnia. As a result of Canadian enterprise the pioneer work in refining petroleum became the basis for modern world-wide petroleum industry.

A stylized portion of an oil refinery printed in red within a drop of oil; to the left another drop enclosing a kerosene lamp of the last century.

Reference

Patrick, Douglas and Mary Patrick. Canada's Postage Stamps. Toronto, McClelland and Stewart Limited, 1964, p. 113.

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